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Character: Barbie - Barbara Millicent Roberts

First apparition:   9 de Marzo de 1959 Commercialization:   1959

History

Barbie's full name is Barbara Millicent Roberts, the name is due to the name of Ruth Handler's daughter.  The first one of hers had her hair up, well combed, in the style of a star from the golden age of Hollywood; glasses in hand and a striped swimsuit, black and white, black slippers, as if she were going to the beach, and a haughty expression.

Its creator generated & Ó; then the context of her character: Barbie was a girl originally from Willows, Wisconsin, where she studied; high school, whose parents were George and Margaret. In a series of novels published by Random House in 1960, her parents' names are given as George and Margaret Roberts in the fictional town of Willows, Wisconsin. Barbie attended to Willows High School and Manhattan International High School in New York, based on the real-life Stuyvesant High School.

She has a romantic relationship in the countryside with her boyfriend Ken (echo toy doll) (Ken Carson), who appeared in the country. for the first time in 1961. Like Barbie, Ken shares his name with one of Ruth Handler's children. A Mattel press release in February 2004 announced That Barbie and Ken had decided to separate after 43 years of relationship, but on February 14, 2006 they were together again.

The doll has three sisters: Skipper, released in 1994, is around 16 years old; Stacie, from 1990, is between 10 and 13 years old; and Kelly, from 1994 to 2010, since in 2011 she was replaced by Chelsea, she represents that she is between 5 and 6 years old.

She has had over 150 careers, including being a doctor 11 times and even going to the moon. She is a famous movie star.

Barbie has had more than forty pets such as cats and dogs, horses, a panda bear, a lion cub and a zebra. Her first pet was a horse named Dancer, but since then she has had 21 dogs, 6 cats, a chimpanzee, a panda, a parrot, a lion, a giraffe and a zebra.

She owns a wide range of vehicles, including pink convertibles, trailers and jeeps. He also holds a pilot's license and operates commercial aircraft, in addition to serving as a flight attendant.

Barbie's careers are designed to show that women can take on a variety of roles in life and the doll has been sold under a wide range of titles, including Astronaut Barbie ( 1965), Doctor Barbie (1988) and Nascar Barbie (1998).  Despite being classified as stupid, she has had 150 races over the years, from the simplest to the most complex. She was even an astronaut three times: in 1965, 1986 and 1994.

Mattel has created a series of Barbie companions, including Hispanics Teresa and Midge, African-American Christie, and Steven (Christie's boyfriend). Among her friends are Midge and her boyfriend Allan, so like Scooter and Ricky. 

Although Barbie never married, really with Ken, nor did she have a child, her best friend Midge did.

Family

Millicent Rawlins  (aunt)

Skipper Roberts  (sister)

 Stacie Roberts  (sister)

Chelsea Kelly Roberts  (sister)

Marlene Roberts (aunt)

George Roberts (father)

Margaret Roberts (mother)

Max Roberts (cousin)

Marie Roberts (cousin)

Kristen Rawlens (cousin)

Best friends

Midge Hadley (1963-1967, 1983-1998, 2003, 2013-present)

Teresa (1988-present)

Summer Gordon (2004-present)

Kenneth Carson (1961-present) (also boyfriend)

Raquelle (2006-present) (In some versions, Raquelle is seen as a friend.

Nicole O'Neil (1997/2006-present)

Grace 2.0

Friends

Ryan (2012-present)

Steven (?)

Grace (2010-present)

Blaine Gordon (ex-boyfriend / discontinued)

Previous / Discontinued Friends

Christie O'Neil (1968-2005 / 6)

Becky: I am the school photographer (1996-1998)

Kayla (2002-2005)

Kevin

Ragan

Dawn

Courtney

Aunt

Maddison (Myscene)

Delancey (Myscene)

Kim (Barbie and the Rockers: Out of this World)

Marie-Alice  (2010 only)

Sophie  (2012 only)

Carrie  (2010 only)

Taylor  (2010 only)

Claire (Jet Set style only)

Read  (1999-2012)

Scarlet Star  (2012 only)

Nurse Brey  (2012 only)

She (Barbie doll produced for cancer patients)

Dilancee (2000-2008 in the Philippines)

Help (2016)

Esther (since 2008)

Jillian (mentioned)

Portia (before 2000)

Drew (after 2017 or before Fashionistas)

Shawani (fired or password locked)

Candy (killed in September 2006)

Aramina (October 2006 - June 2008)

Dellia (died September 30, 2009)

Azura (Fairytopia 2018 version or after Dreamtopia)

Jewlia (Died May 27, 2006)

Crystal (The Heirs or Life in the Dreamhouse only, can be seen in Fashion Fever)

Jaqueline (2010-2013-2014 / 15th fall 2017)

Kennedy (summer 1999 or Ramadan 2008)

Ify (Ramadan 1999-2002-2006)

Olivia (Life in her dream house)

Pets

Taffy (dog)

Tawney (horse)

Blissa (cat)

Lacey (dog)

Sequin (dog)

Relationships

Kevin (2006) 

Kenneth Carson (1961-2004, 2009-2011, 2012-present *)

Todd (2006)

Blaine Gordon (somewhere between 2004-2009)

River (during the mysterious Barbie years, possibly 2006/7)

Ken and Barbie did not officially separate in 2011, but greenpeace separated them because its packaging was destroying rainforests.

Physical description

Barbie is a young, Caucasian girl, usually blonde with long hair, tall, her height is estimated to be 170cm. She is stylized, with an hourglass figure, smooth complexion, sharp nose, big sky blue eyes and makeup, makeup mouth.

Although Barbie usually has blonde hair and sky blue eyes, sometimes her characters in some movies have brown or green eyes, such as in Mariposa and Elina. In other movies her hair is brunette like in Keira and Erika.

His image of her has evolved over time. Her changes have always focused on the expression on her face, which in 1959 was more serious and naive, with a deep gaze, an elongated face, and her mouth with sensual lips was closed. In 1967 the world was changing, women were beginning to carve out a space for themselves in society, they felt more confident about themselves. They were themselves and the Barbie doll reflected it. then with a more direct look, and a slight smile that appeared on her lips.

Ten years later, in 1977, she presented the image of the modern, dynamic, independent and vital woman, who smiled frankly, revealing her white and perfect teeth of hers. Her slender silhouette remained the same, with the same chest, the same waist and the same long, pretty legs; It's just that her body had greater mobility. In 1997, the Barbie doll shows new features. The serenity of her closed mouth, thinner nose and straight hair, now make her more attractive and current. In addition, there are changes in her body. She has a more realistic figure, with less chest and her waist circumference increases. Barbie's new look is more natural and casual.

The change in figure and face will be introduced in some Barbie dolls gradually during 1998. The influence of fashion has also caused changes in the Barbie doll, which each year presents new models, hairstyles and makeup, according to the canons that fashion dictates.

Barbie is a very fashionable and cute girl. She is collaborative, supportive and has many friends.

 

Her favorite film of hers is 'Saturn Romantic: The Sequel'.

She is afraid of spiders.

Curiosities

The origin of this popular doll is linked to the biography of Ruth Handler. This North American businesswoman, born in Denver in 1916, presided over the Mattel, Inc., world-famous toy company that will be remembered for having launched the Barbie doll into the world.

Ruth Handler began in the garage of her house, where she set up her first company. He had studied industrial design. Once married to Elliot Handler, the marriage became associated with with Harold “Matt” Matson and formed a company that they registered under the trade name Mattel, a name invented by combining their names Matt and Elliot. Later they began making furniture for dollhouses, and from then on they decided to make toys. The company's first big sale was the “Uka-a-doodle” or toy ukulele.

The story of Barbie's creation arose from When one day, Ruth Handler saw her daughter Barbara playing with paper dolls, and she realized that she enjoyed giving them adult roles. At that time, most toy dolls were representations of children. Realizing that there might be a gap in the market, Ruth suggested: The idea of ​​creating one with an adult body with the help of her husband Elliot, a co-founder of the toy company Mattel, Inc.. He was excited about the idea, as were the directors of Mattel.

In 1966, during a trip to Europe with her children Barbara and Kenneth, Ruth encountered with the toy of a German doll called Bild Lilli. This doll had an adult body, it was exactly what she had in mind so she bought three. She gave one to her daughter and took the other two back to Mattel.

The Lilli doll was based on became a popular character who appeared in a comic drawn by Reinhard Beuthin for the newspaper Die Bild-Zeitung. Lilli was a hard-working girl who knew what she wanted and never hesitated. in using men to achieve it. The Lilli doll was sold for the first time in Germany in 1955, and although she was sold; Initially targeted to adult audiences, she became popular with children and toddlers who enjoyed dressing her in costumes that were available separately.

Upon her return to the United States, Ruth returned to the United States. He went to work on the design of the doll (with the help of Jack Ryan's engineer (designer)) and the doll was given a new name, Barbie, a diminutive of his daughter Barbara's name. /p>

Barbie made her debut at the American International Toy Fair in New York on March 9, 1959. This date is also used as her official birthday. Mattel acquired The rights were transferred to Bild Lilli in 1964 and production of Lilli was stopped. The first Barbie doll wore a black and white zebra-striped swimsuit and the famous ponytail. (Ponytail), and she was available with hair in 2 shades, blonde or brunette. Barbie has been commercialized She looked like a "teen model," wearing clothes created by Mattel fashion designer Charlotte Johnson. The first Barbie dolls were made in Japan, with their dresses hand-sewn by Japanese homeworkers.

His initial price for it was three dollars. The success was overwhelming: it beat a sales record. The girls saw in Barbie the perfect image of what they wanted to be themselves: a stylized body, long blonde hair, expensive clothes.

Feminists and women's liberation organizations saw this toy as a bad example for girls and criticized it. But Barbie's success continued. However, Barbie has been the focus of academic discussions due to her stereotype. Marta Lamas, from the Center for Research and Gender Studies (CIEG), in her keynote lecture “What? is it a doll? Body, representation and politics, 2010, noted That Barbie has caused controversy, in the first instance, because she is the best-selling doll in the global market. Every three seconds a Barbie doll is sold in the world, which adds up to around 58 million dolls each year in 150 countries.

The origin of this popular doll is linked to the biography of Ruth Handler. This North American businesswoman, born in Denver in 1916, presided over the Mattel, Inc., world-famous toy company that will be remembered for having launched the Barbie doll into the world.

Ruth Handler began in the garage of her house, where she set up her first company. He had studied industrial design. Once married to Elliot Handler, the marriage became associated with with Harold “Matt” Matson and formed a company that they registered under the trade name Mattel, a name invented by combining their names Matt and Elliot. Later they began making furniture for dollhouses, and from then on they decided to make toys. The company's first big sale was the “Uka-a-doodle” or toy ukulele.

The story of Barbie's creation arose from When one day, Ruth Handler saw her daughter Barbara playing with paper dolls, and she realized that she enjoyed giving them adult roles. At that time, most toy dolls were representations of children. Realizing that there might be a gap in the market, Ruth suggested: The idea of ​​creating one with an adult body with the help of her husband Elliot, a co-founder of the toy company Mattel, Inc.. He was excited about the idea, as were the directors of Mattel.

In 1966, during a trip to Europe with her children Barbara and Kenneth, Ruth encountered with the toy of a German doll called Bild Lilli. This doll had an adult body, it was exactly what she had in mind so she bought three. She gave one to her daughter and took the other two back to Mattel.

The Lilli doll was based on became a popular character who appeared in a comic drawn by Reinhard Beuthin for the newspaper Die Bild-Zeitung. Lilli was a hard-working girl who knew what she wanted and never hesitated. in using men to achieve it. The Lilli doll was sold for the first time in Germany in 1955, and although she was sold; Initially targeted to adult audiences, she became popular with children and toddlers who enjoyed dressing her in costumes that were available separately.

Upon her return to the United States, Ruth returned to the United States. He went to work on the design of the doll (with the help of Jack Ryan's engineer (designer)) and the doll was given a new name, Barbie, a diminutive of his daughter Barbara's name. /p>

Barbie made her debut at the American International Toy Fair in New York on March 9, 1959. This date is also used as her official birthday. Mattel acquired The rights were transferred to Bild Lilli in 1964 and production of Lilli was stopped. The first Barbie doll wore a black and white zebra-striped swimsuit and the famous ponytail. (Ponytail), and she was available with hair in 2 shades, blonde or brunette. Barbie has been commercialized She looked like a "teen model," wearing clothes created by Mattel fashion designer Charlotte Johnson. The first Barbie dolls were made in Japan, with their dresses hand-sewn by Japanese homeworkers.

His initial price for it was three dollars. The success was overwhelming: it beat a sales record. The girls saw in Barbie the perfect image of what they wanted to be themselves: a stylized body, long blonde hair, expensive clothes.

Feminists and women's liberation organizations saw this toy as a bad example for girls and criticized it. But Barbie's success continued. However, Barbie has been the focus of academic discussions due to her stereotype. Marta Lamas, from the Center for Research and Gender Studies (CIEG), in her keynote lecture “What? is it a doll? Body, representation and politics, 2010, noted That Barbie has caused controversy, in the first instance, because she is the best-selling doll in the global market. Every three seconds a Barbie doll is sold in the world, which adds up to around 58 million dolls each year in 150 countries.

The origin of this popular doll is linked to the biography of Ruth Handler. This North American businesswoman, born in Denver in 1916, presided over the Mattel, Inc., world-famous toy company that will be remembered for having launched the Barbie doll into the world.

Ruth Handler began in the garage of her house, where she set up her first company. He had studied industrial design. Once married to Elliot Handler, the marriage became associated with with Harold “Matt” Matson and formed a company that they registered under the trade name Mattel, a name invented by combining their names Matt and Elliot. Later they began making furniture for dollhouses, and from then on they decided to make toys. The company's first big sale was the “Uka-a-doodle” or toy ukulele.

The story of Barbie's creation arose from When one day, Ruth Handler saw her daughter Barbara playing with paper dolls, and she realized that she enjoyed giving them adult roles. At that time, most toy dolls were representations of children. Realizing that there might be a gap in the market, Ruth suggested: The idea of ​​creating one with an adult body with the help of her husband Elliot, a co-founder of the toy company Mattel, Inc.. He was excited about the idea, as were the directors of Mattel.

In 1966, during a trip to Europe with her children Barbara and Kenneth, Ruth encountered with the toy of a German doll called Bild Lilli. This doll had an adult body, it was exactly what she had in mind so she bought three. She gave one to her daughter and took the other two back to Mattel.

The Lilli doll was based on became a popular character who appeared in a comic drawn by Reinhard Beuthin for the newspaper Die Bild-Zeitung. Lilli was a hard-working girl who knew what she wanted and never hesitated. in using men to achieve it. The Lilli doll was sold for the first time in Germany in 1955, and although she was sold; Initially targeted to adult audiences, she became popular with children and toddlers who enjoyed dressing her in costumes that were available separately.

Upon her return to the United States, Ruth returned to the United States. He went to work on the design of the doll (with the help of Jack Ryan's engineer (designer)) and the doll was given a new name, Barbie, a diminutive of his daughter Barbara's name.

Barbie made her debut at the American International Toy Fair in New York on March 9, 1959. This date is also used as her official birthday. Mattel acquired The rights were transferred to Bild Lilli in 1964 and production of Lilli was stopped. The first Barbie doll wore a black and white zebra-striped swimsuit and the famous ponytail. (Ponytail), and she was available with hair in 2 shades, blonde or brunette. Barbie has been commercialized She looked like a "teen model," wearing clothes created by Mattel fashion designer Charlotte Johnson. The first Barbie dolls were made in Japan, with their dresses hand-sewn by Japanese homeworkers.

His initial price for it was three dollars. The success was overwhelming: it beat a sales record. The girls saw in Barbie the perfect image of what they wanted to be themselves: a stylized body, long blonde hair, expensive clothes.

Feminists and women's liberation organizations saw this toy as a bad example for girls and criticized it. But Barbie's success continued. However, Barbie has been the focus of academic discussions due to her stereotype. Marta Lamas, from the Center for Research and Gender Studies (CIEG), in her keynote lecture “What? is it a doll? Body, representation and politics, 2010, noted That Barbie has caused controversy, in the first instance, because she is the best-selling doll in the global market. Every three seconds a Barbie doll is sold in the world, which adds up to around 58 million dolls each year in 150 countries.

And not only that, but different types of Barbies were created, such as: Dentist Barbie, Athlete Barbie, Businesswoman Barbie, Architect Barbie, Astronaut Barbie, Lawyer Barbie, Actress Barbie, Biologist Barbie, Stewardess Barbie , Firefighter Barbie, Writer Barbie, California Girl Barbie. All of them emerged according to social or political moments.

And in the 1960s, different companions were created: Ken, Barbie's boyfriend, in honor of the Handler son; Midge, Skipper or Christie, and later friends of different races, such as a Hispanic, a black or an Asian.

New members of the Mattel Barbie family were also introduced, as well as accessories and complements such as Barbie and Ken's house or Ken's car. Thus, Barbie's world has been growing and becoming more and more like the real thing.

Although the first editions of Barbie had white skin and fine features as their basic characteristic, in 1968 the brand included a new female parameter: Christie, a black doll, who is also part of Barbie's close circle of friends.

In 2016, betting on diversity and including vulnerable groups, Mattel launched the Barbie Fashionistas line with hair versions other than blonde, up to 22 eye tones, seven body types and 11 skin tones. In 2019 this line has more than 100 dolls.

It was all due to the observant spirit of this Jewish woman, her creator: Ruth Handler. Barbie was blonde, tall, thin, busty, always fashionable, and made a mark. It has been a style of doll in the last forty years, today being part of the memories of millions of girls who grew up with it.

About 350,000 Barbie dolls were sold during the first year of production. Ruth believed it was important for Barbie to have an adult appearance, and early market research showed Some parents were dissatisfied with the doll's breasts, she had different breasts. Barbie's appearance has been changed many times, most notably in 1971, when the doll's eyes were adjusted to look forward instead of having the demure sideways glance of the original model.

Barbie was one of the first toys to have a marketing strategy based largely on television advertising, which has been widely copied by other toys. It is estimated that more than one billion Barbie dolls have been sold worldwide, in more than 150 countries, with Mattel claiming that three Barbie dolls are sold every second.

The standard range of Barbie dolls and her accessories are manufactured at approximately 1/6 scale, which is also known as playscale.

Barbie products include more than just a range of dolls with clothing and accessories, they also have a wide range of Barbie branded products, such as books, fashion items, video games and much more. ;lots more things.

Almost exclusively, Barbie has become a cultural icon and has received honors that are rare in the toy world. In 1974 a section of Times Square in New York was renamed Barbie Boulevard for a week, while in 1985 the artist Andy Warhol created a painting of Barbie.

In June 2001 MGA Entertainment launched the Bratz range of dolls, a move that would give Barbie its first serious competition in the fashion doll market. In 2004 sales figures show that Bratz dolls were outselling Barbie dolls in the British market, although Mattel maintained that in terms of the number of dolls, clothes and accessories sold, Barbie remains the leading brand. In 2005 figures showed that sales of Barbie dolls have fallen by 30% in the United States, and 18% globally, with much of the drop attributed to the United States. to the popularity of Bratz dolls. She currently has more competition, but fortunately she remains an icon in many mannequins.

Mattel denounced He joined MCA Records after Aqua's song Barbie Girl was released, but lost out. the trial, because she alleged which was a parody or social commentary, protected by the First Amendment. Despite this, in 2009 Mattel released a video with Barbie singing the song, although with the lyrics modified.

In 2018, the brand launched Sheroes, a collection inspired by women who made and are making history, such as the Mexican golfer Lorena Ochoa, the American physicist and mathematician Katherine Johnson, the American aviator Amelia Eahart or the plus size model Ashley Graham. Among the figures who received a tribute from Barbie, in line with her Role Models line, were also the Mexican artist Frida Kahlo and the filmmaker Patty Jenkins, among others. This year, Barbie will recognize to 19 women.

Barbie has also launched dolls that represent the vulnerable group of people. For the design of Barbie in a wheelchair, the brand worked with experts from UCLA Mattel Children's Hospital and wheelchair design specialists to create a realistic accessory.

As for Barbie with a prosthetic leg, it worked. in collaboration with Jordan Reeves, a 12-year-old girl, co-founder of the Born Just Right Foundation, which seeks solutions so that children with disabilities live life in a more joyful way.

Collecting toys is one of the most widespread hobbies among young people and adults around the world and, in many countries, one of the most practiced hobbies is collecting Barbie dolls. A classic toy that, since its launch in 1959, has become a true sociological phenomenon. The different Barbie dolls that have appeared throughout these years reflect not only the evolution of women, but also of society, in aspects as varied as social relationships, aesthetic criteria. or the development of industry and technology.

The hobby of collecting Barbie dolls is growing. acquiring so much importance. In the USA, her country of origin, monographic fairs are held annually in which collectors can offer or exchange dolls, accessories and all kinds of objects related to Barbie. Something similar is already happening in several European countries. In Spain the “Barbiemania” It's starting to be a reality. For some years now, Mattel has been collaborating with the world of collecting by producing Barbie dolls specially designed for this purpose. From porcelain reproductions of the first Barbie dolls from the 60s, to those dressed by famous designers or those that represent different countries and historical periods.

The first Guinness record for having Barbies was held by Bettina Dorfmann, who has 15 thousand different types, collected since 1993.

Appearances

Barbie has appeared in some popular TV series, she has starred in her own animated series. He has also starred in various films, including making a brief appearance in the film Toy 1999 and Toy Story 3 (Its release date was June 17, 2010 in Argentina, June 18, 2010 , in the United States, Canada and some Latin American countries,4 and on July 21 in Spain).

Movies

  • Barbie & the rockers (1980's)
  • Barbie and the rockers:Out of This World (1987)
  • Barbie and the secret door
  • Barbie and the Sensations: Back to Earth (1987)
  • Barbie in the Nutcracker (2001)
  • Barbie as Rapunzel (2002)
  • Barbie in Swan Lake (2003)
  • Barbie in The Princess and the Commoner (2004)
  • Barbie: Fairytopia (2005)
  • Barbie and the Magic of Pegasus (2005)
  • Barbie's Diary (movie) (2006)
  • Barbie in Fairytopia: Mermaidia (2006)
  • Barbie in The 12 Dancing Princesses. (2006)
  • Barbie Fairytopia: Rainbow Magic (2007)
  • Barbie as the Island Princess (2007)
  • Barbie as the Animal Princess (2007)
  • Barbie Butterfly (2008)
  • Barbie in the Diamond Castle (2008)
  • Barbie in a Christmas Carol (2008)
  • Barbie Thumbelina (2009)
  • Barbie and the Three Musketeers (2009)
  • Barbie in a mermaid adventure (2010)
  • Barbie: Magical Fashion in Paris (2010)
  • Barbie: The Fairy Secret (2011)
  • Barbie: Princess School (2011)
  • Barbie: A Perfect Christmas (2011)
  • Barbie: Camp Sisters (2011)
  • Barbie in a Mermaid Adventure 2 (2012)
  • Barbie the Princess and the Singer (2012)
  • Barbie: The Princess and the Star (2012)
  • Barbie and the Magic Slippers (2013)
  • Barbie Butterfly and the Fairy Princess (2013)
  • Barbie and her sisters in a pony adventure (2013)
  • Barbie: The Pearl Princess (2014)
  • Barbie and the Secret Door (2014)
  • Barbie: Super Princess (2015)
  • Barbie at Princess Camp (2015)
  • Barbie and her Sisters: Puppies in Search of Treasure (2015)
  • Barbie: Secret Squad (2016)
  • Barbie: Adventure in Space (2016)
  • Barbie and her Sisters in Search of Puppies (2016)
  • Barbie: Video Game Superheroine (2017)

Quotes

  • Little person not by my side.
  • Pick a tree and let's get started!
  • This year I want everything to change.
  • Did I get lost? Is this in the script?
  • They say you can take the girl out of Malibu, but you can't take the girl out of Malibu. of the girl! Next time, I'll leave the girl in Malibu.
  • I owe you this. For the wolves.
  • I love game night! Great friends, fun food!

Friends

Tod@s / All

Enemies

Raquelle

Barbie / My Scene: Barbie

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